miR-195 regulates SIRT1-mediated changes in diabetic retinopathy
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Endothelial cell (EC) damage is a key mechanism causing retinal microvascular injury in diabetes. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to regulate sirtuin 1 (SIRT1, which is involved in regulation of the cell cycle, survival and metabolism) in various tissues and disease states, but no studies have been conducted on the role of miRNA in regulation of SIRT1 in diabetic retinopathy. Here we investigated the effect of miRNA-195 (miR-195), a SIRT1-targeting miRNA, on the development of diabetes-induced changes in ECs and retina.
The level of miR-195 was measured in human retinal and dermal microvascular ECs (HRECs, HMECs) following exposure to 25 mmol/l glucose (high glucose, HG) and 5 mmol/l glucose (normal glucose, NG). SIRT1 and fibronectin levels were examined following transfection with miR-195 mimic or antagomir or forced expression of SIRT1. Retinal tissues from diabetic rats were similarly studied following intravitreal injection of an miR-195 antagomir or mimic. In situ hybridisation was used to localise retinal miR-195.
HG caused increased miR-195 levels and decreased SIRT1 expression (compared with NG) in both HRECs and HMECs. Transfection with miR-195 antagomir and forced expression of SIRT1 prevented such changes, whereas transfection with miR-195 mimic produced HG-like effects. A luciferase assay confirmed the binding of miR-195 to the 3′ untranslated region of SIRT1. miR-195 expression was upregulated in retinas of diabetic rats and intravitreal injection of miR-195 antagomir ameliorated levels of SIRT1.
These studies identified a novel mechanism whereby miR-195 regulates SIRT1-mediated tissue damage in diabetic retinopathy.
KeywordsDiabetic retinopathy Endothelial cell miR-195 SIRT1
High glucose (25 mmol/l d-glucose)
Human embryonic kidney
Human dermal microvascular EC
Human retinal microvascular EC
Manganese superoxide dismutase
Normal glucose (5 mmol/l d-glucose)
Osmotic control (25 mmol/l l-glucose)
Small interfering RNA
Sirtuin 1; silent information regulator protein 1
3′ Untranslated region
Vascular endothelial growth factor
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