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Diabetologia

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 502–508 | Cite as

Comparison of alterations in insulin signalling pathway in adipocytes from Type II diabetic pregnant women and women with gestational diabetes mellitus

  • M. Tomazic
  • A. Janez
  • A. Sketelj
  • A. Kocijancic
  • J. Eckel
  • P. Sharma
Article

Heading

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis. The cellular mechanisms for the insulin resistance in pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus are not known. The membrane protein plasma cell glycoprotein PC-1 has been identified as an inhibitor of insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity and could have a role in insulin resistance. This study aimed to examine the effects of insulin on glucose transport and changes in insulin receptor tyrosine phosphorylation, IRS-1 and PC-1.

Methods. Adipocytes were obtained either during elective cesarean section from three groups of subjects (Type II diabetic pregnant women (n=6) women with gestational diabetes mellitus (n=10) and pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (n=6) as pregnant control subjects) or during elective gynaecological surgery from non-pregnant (n=6) control subjects.

Results. Insulin stimulated glucose transport was reduced by 50% in women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 70% in pregnant women with Type II diabetes, compared to the non-pregnant control subjects. After maximal insulin stimulation of adipocytes, IRTK phosphorylation was reduced by 29.5% in women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 44.5% in women with Type II diabetes, compared to the non-pregnant control subjects. We also found that IRS-1 phosphorylation was reduced by 32% and 48%, respectively. On the other hand, PC-1 content in adipocytes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus increased by 320% and 668% in Type II diabetic women, compared to the non-pregnant control subjects.

Conclusions/interpretation. Our results indicate that women with gestational diabetes mellitus and Type II diabetes have increased PC-1 content and suggest that this could contribute to lower phosphorylation levels of IRTK and IRS-1. Furthermore, these postreceptor defects in insulin signalling pathway are greater in both groups compared to the women with normal pregnancy. However, results from women with Type II diabetes show that pre-existing insulin resistance lead to an even greater deterioration of the signalling pathway.

Gestational diabetes mellitus Type II diabetes mellitus insulin resistance membrane glycoprotein PC-1 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Tomazic
    • 1
  • A. Janez
    • 1
  • A. Sketelj
    • 2
  • A. Kocijancic
    • 1
  • J. Eckel
    • 3
  • P. Sharma
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloska 7, 1525 Ljubljana, SloveniaSlovenia
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana, SloveniaSlovenia
  3. 3.German Diabetes Research Institute, Düsseldorf, GermanyGermany
  4. 4.Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of California, San Diego, California, USAUSA

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