Karyotype analysis of Nicotiana kawakamii Y. Ohashi using DAPI banding and rDNA FISH
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Prometaphase cells were used to analyze the karyotype of Nicotiana kawakamii Y. Ohashi by means of sequential Giemsa/CMA/DAPI staining and multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization with 5S and 18S rDNA. Observation of the DAPI-stained prometaphase spreads indicated that N. kawakamii had six pairs of large chromosomes, one pair of medium-sized chromosomes and five pairs of small chromosomes. The six pairs of large chromosomes possessed remarkable DAPI bands, and each could be identified from both the DAPI banding pattern and the length of the short arm. The DAPI banding pattern was approximately identical to the CMA and Giemsa banding patterns. Hybridization signals of the 18S rDNA probe were detected on two pairs of large chromosomes. In addition, two pairs of small chromosomes were identified based on the position of the 5S rDNA signals. An idiogram of N. kawakamii chromosomes was produced based on DAPI bands and rDNA loci.
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