Biochemical genetics of glucosinolate modification in Arabidopsis and Brassica
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Fine mapping of the glucosinolate biosynthesis gene OHP, which regulates the conversion of 3-methylsulphinylpropyl to 3-hydroxypropyl glucosinolate, in an Arabidopsis thaliana Columbia × Landsberg erecta RI line population positioned the gene within 54 kb of DNA on chromosome IV. Sequence data identified a family of genes encoding 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases in this region. A probe based on these genes co-segregated with ALK in Brassica oleracea,a gene regulating the synthesis of alkenyl glucosinolates. The reactions catalysed by the OHP and ALK enzymes utilise similar substrates and may have a common mechanism. Thus, these dioxygenases are prime candidates for controlling the side chain modification of glucosinolates.
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