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Genetic dissection of vegetative propagation traits in Eucalyptus tereticornis and E. globulus

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We have detected quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting vegetative propagation traits in Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus globulus. Using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) genetic linkage maps, the inheritance of 199 markers was assessed in 94 F1 individuals with extreme adventitious rooting response, and in 221 randomly chosen F1 individuals. Phenotypes were scored in 1995 and 1996. QTL analyses were performed using chi-square tests (χ2), single-marker analysis (SMA), interval mapping (IM) and composite interval mapping (CIM). All approaches yielded similar QTL detection results. Three QTLs are hypothesized for mortality (MORT=% dead cuttings), nine for adventitious rooting (ROOT, RCT=% rooted cuttings relative to the surviving or total cuttings, respectively), four for petrification (PETR=% surviving unrooted cuttings), one for sprouting ability (SPR=number of stump sprout cuttings harvested in 1995) and four for the stability of adventitious rooting (STAB=absolute value of the difference ROOT95-ROOT96). All putative QTLs for MORT and PETR were located on the E. tereticornis map, and for SPR and STAB on the E. globulus map. We found different QTLs for MORT, ROOT, RCT, SPR and STAB. Putative QTLs accounted for 2.6–17.0% of the phenotypic variance of a trait (R2). Estimated standardized gene substitution effects varied between 0.13 and 0.49 phenotypic standard deviations (σp). These results indicate that the phenotypic variation in these traits has a meaningful genetic component and that stable QTLs can be found in a family of reasonable size where no previous knowledge of the trait was available.

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Received: 1 September 1998 / Accepted: 24 February 1999

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Marques, C., Vasquez-Kool, J., Carocha, V. et al. Genetic dissection of vegetative propagation traits in Eucalyptus tereticornis and E. globulus. Theor Appl Genet 99, 936–946 (1999).

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  • Key words AFLP
  • Pseudo-testcross
  • Eucalyptus
  • QTL
  • Vegetative propagation