FISH to meiotic pachytene chromosomes of tomato locates the root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi-1 and the acid phosphatase gene Aps-1 near the junction of euchromatin and pericentromeric heterochromatin of chromosome arms 6S and 6L, respectively
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The root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi-1 in tomato has long been thought to be located in the pericentromeric heterochromatin region of the long arm of chromosome 6 because of its very tight genetic linkage (approx. 1 cM) to the markers Aps-1 (Acid phosphatase 1) and yv (yellow virescent). Using Mi-BAC clones and an Aps-1 YAC clone in fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) to pachytene chromosomes we now provide direct physical evidence showing that Mi-1 is located at the border of the euchromatin and heterochromatin regions in the short arm (6S) and Aps-1 in the pericentromeric heterochromatin of the long arm (6L) close to the euchromatin. Taking into account both the estimated DNA content of hetero- and euchromatin regions and the compactness of the tomato chromosomes at pachytene (2 Mb/μm), our data suggest that Mi-1 and Aps-1 are at least 40 Mb apart, a base pair-to-centiMorgan relationship that is more than 50-fold higher than the average value of 750 kb/cM of the tomato genome. An integrated cytogenetic-molecular map of chromosome 6 is presented that provides a framework for physical mapping.
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