The objective of this study was to compare the genetic divergence pattern in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Twenty two potato genotypes were evaluated for ten morphological characters under four in vitro conditions, and for 20 characters under four in vivo seasons. Mahalanobis’ generalized intra- and inter-group genetic distances, and the distribution of genotypes into different clusters, led to the same conclusions under both in vitro and in vivo conditions: (1) genetic diversity was not related to geographic diversity, (2) genetic distances were higher between Tuberosum and Andigena than within Tuberosum and Andigena, and (3) present-day Indian varieties have more resemblance to Tuberosum than to the Andigena group. The in vitro approach was more effective than the in vivo approach for differentiating the genotypes per se, although its effectiveness for cross prediction is known to be low.
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Received: 15 September 1997 / Accepted: 15 July 1998
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Gopal, J. In vitro versus in vivo genetic divergence in potato. Theor Appl Genet 98, 299–304 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051072
- Key words Genetic divergence
- Mahalanobis D2 statistic
- In vitro
- In vivo