Comparative mapping of the wheat chromosome 5A Vrn-A1 region with rice and its relationship to QTL for flowering time
The vernalization gene Vrn-A1 on chromosome 5A is the predominant gene determining the spring/winter habit difference in bread wheat. Vrn-A1 was physically mapped using a set of deletion lines which located it to the region of chromosome 5A flanked by deletion breakpoints 0.68 and 0.78. This interval was shown to be homoeologous to a region of rice chromosome 3 that contains the flowering-time QTL Hd-6, previously mapped in a Nipponbare×Kasalath cross, and FLTQ1, a novel QTL identified by analysis of 78 F3 families derived from a cross of ‘IR20’×‘63–83’. Possible relationships between Vrn-A1 and rice QTL are discussed. Analysis of the chromosome 5A deletion lines showed evidence for a second, more proximal flowering-time effect located between deletion breakpoints 0.56 and 0.64. The proximal part of chromosome 5A is homoeologous to rice chromosome 9, on which two QTL were detected in the ‘IR20×‘63–83’ cross. The possible relationship between these effects is also discussed.
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