Genetic analysis of the dwarfing gene (Rht8) in wheat. Part I. Molecular mapping of Rht8 on the short arm of chromosome 2D of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
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Two sets of single chromosome recombinant lines comparing 2D chromosomes from the wheat varieties ‘Ciano 67’ and ‘Mara’ with the common 2D chromosome of ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ in a ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ background were used to detect a diagnostic wheat microsatellite marker for the dwarfing gene Rht8. The genetic linkage maps place the wheat microsatellite marker WMS 261 0.6 cM distal to Rht8 on the short arm of chromosome 2D. By PCR analysis the WMS 261 alleles of ‘Mara’, ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ and ‘Ciano 67’ could be distinguished by different fragment sizes of 192 bp, 174 bp and 165 bp, respectively. A screen of over 100 international varieties of wheat showed that the three allelic variants were all widespread. It also demonstrated that a limited number of varieties carried novel WMS 261 variants of over 200 bp. Following classification of the individual recombinant lines for allelic variants at the WMS 261 locus it was possible to attribute a 7- to 8-cm reduction in plant height with the WMS 261-192-bp allele compared to the WMS 261-174-bp allele in the set of recombinant lines comparing 2D chromosomes of ‘Mara’ and ‘Cappelle-Desprez’. A height reduction of around 3 cm was detected between the WMS 261-174-bp allele and the WMS 261-165-bp allele in the recombinant lines comparing 2D chromosomes of ‘Cappelle-Desprez’ and ‘Ciano 67’.
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