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Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed dormancy and heading date in rice, Oryza sativa L., using backcross inbred lines

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Abstract

 To detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling seed dormancy, 98 BC1F5 lines (backcross inbred lines) derived from a backcross of Nipponbare (japonica)/Kasalath (indica)//Nipponbare were analyzed genetically. We used 245 RFLP markers to construct a framework linkage map. Five putative QTLs affecting seed dormancy were detected on chromosomes 3, 5, 7 (two regions) and 8, respectively. Phenotypic variations explained by each QTL ranged from 6.7% to 22.5% and the five putative QTLs explained about 48% of the total phenotypic variation in the BC1F5 lines. Except for those of the QTLs on chromosome 8, the Nipponbare alleles increased the germination rate. Five putative QTLs controlling heading date were detected on chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7, respectively. The phenotypic variation explained by each QTL for heading date ranged from 5.7% to 23.4% and the five putative QTLs explained about 52% of the total phenotypic variation. The Nipponbare alleles increased the number of days to heading, except for those of two QTLs on chromosomes 2 and 3. The map location of a putative QTL for heading date coincided with that of a major QTL for seed dormancy on chromosome 3, although two major heading-date QTLs did not coincide with any seed dormancy QTLs detected in this study.

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Received: 10 October 1997 / Accepted: 12 January 1998

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Lin, S., Sasaki, T. & Yano, M. Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed dormancy and heading date in rice, Oryza sativa L., using backcross inbred lines. Theor Appl Genet 96, 997–1003 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220050831

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  • Key words Rice
  • Seed dormancy
  • Heading date
  • Backcross inbred line
  • QTL analysis