Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with acylsugar accumulation using intraspecific populations of the wild tomato, Lycopersicon pennellii
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Lycopersicon pennellii LA716, a wild relative of tomato, is resistant to a number of insect pests due to the accumulation of acylsugars exuded from type IV trichomes. These acylsugars are a class of compounds including both acylglucoses and acylsucroses. Intraspecific populations between L. pennellii LA716 and L. pennellii LA1912, the latter an accession that assorts for low-level acylsugar accumulation, were created to study the inheritance of type IV trichome density, acylsugar accumulation levels, percentage of acylsugars that are acylglucoses, and leaf area. The F2 population was subsequently used to determine genomic regions associated with these traits. The relative proportion of acylglucoses and acylsucroses was found to be largely controlled by a single locus near TG549 on chromosome 3. One locus on chromosome 10 showed significant associations with acylsugar levels. In addition, 1 locus on chromosome 4 showed significant associations with leaf area. Ten additional loci showed modest associations with one or more of the traits examined, 5 of which have been previously reported.
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