Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 95, Issue 1–2, pp 174–184

Microsatellite and sequence-tagged site markers diagnostic for the rice bacterial leaf blight resistance gene xa-5

  • M. W. Blair
  • S. R. McCouch

DOI: 10.1007/s001220050545

Cite this article as:
Blair, M. & McCouch, S. Theor Appl Genet (1997) 95: 174. doi:10.1007/s001220050545


 Microsatellite and sequence-tagged site (STS) markers tightly linked to the bacterial leaf blight (BLB) resistance gene xa-5 were identified in this study. A survey was conducted to find molecular markers that detected polymorphisms between the resistant (IRBB5) and susceptible (‘IR24’) nearly isogenic lines for xa-5, and between Chinsurah Boro II (CBII), an alternative source of xa-5, and a widely planted variety (‘IR64’) that lacks xa-5. Two F2 populations, from the crosses ‘IR24’×IRBB5 and CBIIבIR64’, were used to estimate linkage based on marker genotype and reaction to disease inoculation with Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Two RFLP clones, RZ390 and RG556, were found to co-segregate with xa-5 and were converted into STS markers. A microsatellite marker, RM390, was developed based on a simple sequence repeat in the 5′ untranslated region of the cDNA probe, RZ390, and found to co-segregate with resistance. Two other microsatellites, RM122 and RM13, were located 0.4 cM and 14.1 cM away from xa-5. A germplasm survey of diverse lines containing BLB resistance genes using automated fluorescent detection indicated the range of allelic diversity for each of the microsatellite loci linked to xa-5 and confirmed their usefulness in following genes through the narrow crosses typical of a breeding program. The limited number of alleles observed at the microsatellite loci linked to the resistance gene in 35 xa-5-containing accessions suggested either a single ancestral origin or a few independent origins of the xa-5 gene. PCR-based markers, like the ones developed in this study, are economical and easy to use, and have applicability in efforts to pyramid the recessive xa-5 gene with other BLB resistance genes.

Key words Microsatellite Sequence tagged site Bacterial leaf blight resistance gene xa-5 Rice (Oryza sativa) 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. W. Blair
    • 1
  • S. R. McCouch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding, 252 Emerson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-1901, USAUS

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