Genetic dissection of root growth in rice (Oryza sativa L.). II: mapping quantitative trait loci using molecular markers
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Drought is a major abiotic stress of upland rice, and good root growth has been associated with drought avoidance. We report on the genetic mapping of root growth traits in an F2 population derived from two drought-resistant rice varieties, ‘Bala’ and ‘Azucena’. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) between the parents was 32%, and a molecular map with 71 marker loci and 17 linkage groups covering 1280 cM was produced. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for eight root growth characteristics were mapped using phenotype data obtained in a hydroponic screen previously described in a companion paper. Using a significance threshold of LOD 2.4, we observed one QTL for maximum root length after 28 days growth on chromosome 11. It had a LOD score of 6.9, explained nearly 30% of the variation and appeared to be largely additive in effect. QTLs for maximum root length after 3, 7, 14 and 21 days of growth were also revealed. Some root-length QTLs, including that on chromosome 11, varied greatly with developmental stage. One QTL for root volume and two QTLs for adventitious root thickness were detected. No QTLs were detected for the length of cells in the mature (fully expanded) zone of adventitious root tips. The results obtained are discussed in the context of previous reports on mapping root growth parameters in rice.
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