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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 94, Issue 8, pp 1121–1127 | Cite as

Molecular phylogeny of mangroves I. Use of molecular markers in assessing the intraspecific genetic variability in the mangrove species Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. (Acanthaceae)

  • M. Lakshmi
  • S. Rajalakshmi
  • M. Parani
  • C. S. Anuratha
  • Ajay Parida

Abstract

 Mangroves, the intertidal ecosystems occurring primarily in the tropical regions of the world, are valuable natural resources with high productivity and unique habitat value. However, the genetic structure of plant species within the mangrove ecosystem is poorly understood. The present communication is the first report on the use of molecular markers in assessing intra-site and intra-specific polymorphism in one of the mangrove species, Acanthus ilicifolius, for identifying/ detecting distinct genotypes for long-term conservation. Random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) and restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were used to elucidate the intra- and inter-population variability in this widely distributed mangrove species. In all, 48 genotypes representing eight distinct populations were analysed. A low level of polymorphism was detected at the intra-population level through both RAPD (3.8–7.3%) and RFLP (3.2–9.1%) analyses. At the inter-population level, 25 of the 73 RAPD loci (34%) detected through the use of 13 random primers and 44 of the 96 RFLP loci (45.8%) revealed through 15 probe/enzyme combinations were polymorphic. RFLP analyses were carried out using genomic clones developed from the same species. The somatic cells of the species displayed 48 chromosomes, with no numerical changes at either intra- or inter- population levels.

Key words Mangroves Acanthus Molecular markers RAPDs RFLPs Cytology Conservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Lakshmi
    • 1
  • S. Rajalakshmi
    • 1
  • M. Parani
    • 1
  • C. S. Anuratha
    • 1
  • Ajay Parida
    • 1
  1. 1.M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation Taramani Institutional Area, III Cross Street, Taramani, Madras 600 113, IndiaIN

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