Construction of a bacterial artificial chromosome library containing large Eco RI and Hin dIII genomic fragments of lettuce
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Existing bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) vectors were modified to have unique EcoRI cloning sites. This provided an additional site for generating representative libraries from genomic DNA digested with a variety of enzymes. A BAC library of lettuce was constructed following the partial digestion of genomic DNA with HindIII or EcoRI. Several experimental parameters were investigated and optimized. The BAC library of over 50,000 clones, representing one to two genome equivalents, was constructed from six ligations; average insert sizes for each ligation varied between 92.5 and 142 kb with a combined average insert size of 111 kb. The library was screened with markers linked to disease resistance genes; this identified 134 BAC clones from four regions containing resistance genes. Hybridization with low-copy genomic sequences linked to resistance genes detected fewer clones than expected from previous estimates of genome size. The lack of hybridization to chloroplast and mitochondrial sequences demonstrated that the library was predominantly composed of nuclear DNA. The unique EcoRI site in the BAC vector should allow the integration of BAC cloning with other technologies that utilize EcoRI digestion, such as AFLPTM markers and RecA-assisted restriction endonuclease (RARE) cleavage, to clone specific large EcoRI fragments from genomic DNA.
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