Saturation mapping with subclones of YACs: DNA marker production targeting the rice blast disease resistance gene, Pi-b
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Saturation mapping of a very small genomic region is indispensable for map-based cloning. We applied a method based on sub-cloning and the Southern-hybridization technique for generating RFLP markers directly from yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs). Two YACs overlapping each other and covering the locus of the rice blast resistance gene, Pi-b, were used to construct a plasmid sub-library. Rice-specific and single-copy clones suitable as probes for RFLP analysis were selected from this sub-library by hybridization to the blots of digested DNAs of rice, YACs, and yeast. As a result, 22 markers were produced within a small chromosomal region including Pi-b. This case study shows that overlapping YACs known to cover the gene of interest are very useful in fine-scale physical mapping leading to map-based cloning of the target gene.
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