QTL mapping of pre-harvest sprouting resistance in a white wheat cultivar Danby
One major and three minor QTLs for resistance to pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) were identified from a white wheat variety “Danby.” The major QTL on chromosome 3A is TaPHS1, and the sequence variation in its promoter region was responsible for the PHS resistance. Additive × additive effects were detected between two minor QTLs on chromosomes 3B and 5A, which can greatly enhance the PHS resistance.
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) causes significant losses in yield and quality in wheat. White wheat is usually more susceptible to PHS than red wheat. Therefore, the use of none grain color-related PHS resistance quantitative trait loci (QTLs) is essential for the improvement in PHS resistance in white wheat. To identify PHS resistance QTLs in the white wheat cultivar “Danby” and determine their effects, a doubled haploid population derived from a cross of Danby × “Tiger” was genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing markers and phenotyped for PHS resistance in two greenhouse and one field experiments. One major QTL corresponding to a previously cloned gene, TaPHS1, was consistently detected on the chromosome arm 3AS in all three experiments and explained 21.6–41.0% of the phenotypic variations. A SNP (SNP−222) in the promoter of TaPHS1 co-segregated with PHS in this mapping population and was also significantly associated with PHS in an association panel. Gene sequence comparison and gene expression analysis further confirmed that SNP−222 is most likely the causal mutation in TaPHS1 for PHS resistance in Danby in this study. In addition, two stable minor QTLs on chromosome arms 3BS and 5AL were detected in two experiments with allele effects consistently contributed by Danby, while one minor QTL on 2AS was detected in two environments with contradicted allelic effects. The two stable minor QTLs showed significant additive × additive effects. The results demonstrated that pyramiding those three QTLs using breeder-friendly KASP markers developed in this study could greatly improve PHS resistance in white wheat.
Contribution number from the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station is 18-034-J. This project was financially supported by the Kansas Wheat Alliance and Kansas Wheat Commission. This work was also partly funded by the Hatch Grant 1001453 and National Research Initiative Competitive Grants 2011-68002-30029, 2017-67007-25939 and 2017-67007-25929 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the US Department of Agriculture. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.
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Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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