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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 126, Issue 6, pp 1563–1574 | Cite as

QTL for root angle and number in a population developed from bread wheats (Triticum aestivum) with contrasting adaptation to water-limited environments

  • Jack Christopher
  • Mandy Christopher
  • Raeleen Jennings
  • Shirley Jones
  • Susan Fletcher
  • Andrew Borrell
  • Ahmad M. Manschadi
  • David Jordan
  • Emma Mace
  • Graeme Hammer
Original Paper

Abstract

Root architecture traits in wheat are important in deep soil moisture acquisition and may be used to improve adaptation to water-limited environments. The genetic architecture of two root traits, seminal root angle and seminal root number, were investigated using a doubled haploid population derived from SeriM82 and Hartog. Multiple novel quantitative trait loci (QTL) were identified, each one having a modest effect. For seminal root angle, four QTL (−log10(P) >3) were identified on 2A, 3D, 6A and 6B, and two suggestive QTL (−log10(P) >2) on 5D and 6B. For root number, two QTL were identified on 4A and 6A with four suggestive QTL on 1B, 3A, 3B and 4A. QTL for root angle and root number did not co-locate. Transgressive segregation was found for both traits. Known major height and phenology loci appear to have little effect on root angle and number. Presence or absence of the T1BL.1RS translocation did not significantly influence root angle. Broad sense heritability (h 2) was estimated as 50 % for root angle and 31 % for root number. Root angle QTL were found to be segregating between wheat cultivars adapted to the target production region indicating potential to select for root angle in breeding programs.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Seed Mass Root Number Root Architecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Dr. Mark Dieters for supplying the seed for the SeriM82 × Hartog doubled haploid population and Dr. Alan Peake for making available data on the T1BL/1RS translocation status of these lines. Thanks also to Dr. David Butler for statistical assistance and advice. We would also like to thank the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC), the Queensland State Government and the University of Queensland, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI) for funding this research.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PPT 73 kb)
122_2013_2074_MOESM2_ESM.doc (48 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 48 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (DOC 50 kb)
122_2013_2074_MOESM4_ESM.doc (51 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (DOC 51 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Christopher
    • 1
  • Mandy Christopher
    • 2
  • Raeleen Jennings
    • 2
  • Shirley Jones
    • 2
  • Susan Fletcher
    • 2
  • Andrew Borrell
    • 3
  • Ahmad M. Manschadi
    • 5
  • David Jordan
    • 3
  • Emma Mace
    • 4
  • Graeme Hammer
    • 6
  1. 1.University of Queensland, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), Leslie Research FacilityToowoombaAustralia
  2. 2.Department of AgricultureFisheries and Forestry Queensland (DAFFQ), Leslie Research FacilityToowoombaAustralia
  3. 3.University of Queensland, QAAFI, Hermitage Research FacilityWarwickAustralia
  4. 4.Department of AgricultureFisheries and Forestry Queensland (DAFFQ), Hermitage Research FacilityWarwickAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Crop SciencesUniversity of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, ViennaTullnAustria
  6. 6.University of Queensland, QAAFI, St LuciaBrisbaneAustralia

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