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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 122, Issue 8, pp 1617–1630 | Cite as

Identification and validation of genomic regions that affect shoot fly resistance in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]

  • C. Aruna
  • V. R. Bhagwat
  • R. Madhusudhana
  • Vittal Sharma
  • T. Hussain
  • R. B. Ghorade
  • H. G. Khandalkar
  • S. Audilakshmi
  • N. Seetharama
Original Paper

Abstract

Shoot fly is one of the most important pests affecting the sorghum production. The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting shoot fly resistance enables to understand the underlying genetic mechanisms and genetic basis of complex interactions among the component traits. The aim of the present study was to detect QTL for shoot fly resistance and the associated traits using a population of 210 RILs of the cross 27B (susceptible) × IS2122 (resistant). RIL population was phenotyped in eight environments for shoot fly resistance (deadheart percentage), and in three environments for the component traits, such as glossiness, seedling vigor and trichome density. Linkage map was constructed with 149 marker loci comprising 127 genomic-microsatellite, 21 genic-microsatellite and one morphological marker. QTL analysis was performed by using MQM approach. 25 QTL (five each for leaf glossiness and seedling vigor, 10 for deadhearts, two for adaxial trichome density and three for abaxial trichome density) were detected in individual and across environments. The LOD and R 2 (%) values of QTL ranged from 2.44 to 24.1 and 4.3 to 44.1%, respectively. For most of the QTLs, the resistant parent, IS2122 contributed alleles for resistance; while at two QTL regions, the susceptible parent 27B also contributed for resistance traits. Three genomic regions affected multiple traits, suggesting the phenomenon of pleiotrophy or tight linkage. Stable QTL were identified for the traits across different environments, and genetic backgrounds by comparing the QTL in the study with previously reported QTL in sorghum. For majority of the QTLs, possible candidate genes were identified. The QTLs identified will enable marker assisted breeding for shoot fly resistance in sorghum.

Keywords

Deadheart percentage Quantitative trait loci Candidate genes Co-localization Gene pyramiding 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Dr CN Neeraja, Principal Scientist, DRR, Hyderabad, India for her help during the preparation of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Aruna
    • 1
  • V. R. Bhagwat
    • 1
  • R. Madhusudhana
    • 1
  • Vittal Sharma
    • 2
  • T. Hussain
    • 2
  • R. B. Ghorade
    • 3
  • H. G. Khandalkar
    • 3
  • S. Audilakshmi
    • 1
  • N. Seetharama
    • 1
  1. 1.Directorate of Sorghum ResearchHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.MPUATUdaipurIndia
  3. 3.PDKVAkolaIndia

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