Genetic mapping of DArT markers in the Festuca–Lolium complex and their use in freezing tolerance association analysis
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Species belonging to the Festuca–Lolium complex are important forage and turf species and as such, have been studied intensively. However, their out-crossing nature and limited availability of molecular markers make genetic studies difficult. Here, we report on saturation of F. pratensis and L. multiflorum genetic maps using Diversity Array Technology (DArT) markers and the DArTFest array.The 530 and 149 DArT markers were placed on genetic maps of L. multiflorum and F. pratensis, respectively, with overlap of 20 markers, which mapped in both species. The markers were sequenced and comparative sequence analysis was performed between L. multiflorum, rice and Brachypodium. The utility of the DArTFest array was then tested on a Festulolium population FuRs0357 in an integrated analysis using the DArT marker map positions to study associations between markers and freezing tolerance. Ninety six markers were significantly associated with freezing tolerance and five of these markers were genetically mapped to chromosomes 2, 4 and 7. Three genomic loci associated with freezing tolerance in the FuRs0357 population co-localized with chromosome segments and QTLs previously indentified to be associated with freezing tolerance. The present work clearly confirms the potential of the DArTFest array in genetic studies of the Festuca–Lolium complex. The annotated DArTFest array resources could accelerate further studies and improvement of desired traits in Festuca–Lolium species.
KeywordsFreezing Tolerance DArT Marker Forage Grass Brachypodium Syntenic Relationship
We are grateful to Marie Seifertová, MSc. for excellent technical assistance, and to the team at Diversity Arrays Technology Pty for DArT genotyping. This work has been supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (grant award NAZV QH71267) and by European Union (grant No. ED0007/01/01 Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research).
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