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Genetic analyses of the host-pathogen system Turnip yellows virus (TuYV)—rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and development of molecular markers for TuYV-resistance

Abstract

The aphid transmitted Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) has become a serious pathogen in many rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) growing areas. Three-years’ field trials were carried out to get detailed information on the genetics of TuYV resistance derived from the resynthesised B. napus line ‘R54’ and to develop closely linked markers. F1 plants and segregating doubled-haploid (DH) populations derived from crosses to susceptible cultivars were analysed using artificial inoculation with virus-bearing aphids, followed by DAS-ELISA. Assuming a threshold of E 405 = 0.1 in ELISA carried out in December, the results led to the conclusion that pre-winter inhibition of TuYV is inherited in a monogenic dominant manner. However, the virus titre in most resistant lines increased during the growing period, indicating that the resistance is incomplete and that the level of the virus titre is influenced by environmental factors. Bulked-segregant marker analysis for this resistance locus identified two closely linked SSR markers along with six closely linked and three co-segregating AFLP markers. Two AFLP markers were converted into co-dominant STS markers, facilitating efficient marker-based selection for TuYV resistance. Effective markers are particularly valuable with respect to breeding for TuYV resistance, because artificial inoculation procedures using virus-bearing aphids are extremely difficult to integrate into practical rapeseed breeding programs.

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Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge SW Seed GmbH Hadmersleben for providing the DH-lines and Norddeutsche Pflanzenzucht (NPZ) for placing the F1-hybrids at our disposal. This work was supported by grants of the Gemeinschaft zur Förderung der privaten deutschen Pflanzenzüchtung e.V. (GFP) and Arbeitsgemeinschaft industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen “Otto von Guericke” e.V. (AiF).

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Correspondence to Frank Ordon.

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Communicated by R. Visser.

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Juergens, M., Paetsch, C., Krämer, I. et al. Genetic analyses of the host-pathogen system Turnip yellows virus (TuYV)—rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and development of molecular markers for TuYV-resistance. Theor Appl Genet 120, 735–744 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1194-z

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Keywords

  • Simple Sequence Repeat Marker
  • Double Haploid
  • Virus Titre
  • Resistance Locus
  • Double Haploid Line