Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 119, Issue 7, pp 1223–1235 | Cite as

Mapping quantitative trait loci for preharvest sprouting resistance in white wheat

  • Jesse D. Munkvold
  • James Tanaka
  • David Benscher
  • Mark E. Sorrells
Original Paper


The premature germination of seeds before harvest, known as preharvest sprouting (PHS), is a serious problem in all wheat growing regions of the world. In order to determine genetic control of PHS resistance in white wheat from the relatively uncharacterized North American germplasm, a doubled haploid population consisting of 209 lines from a cross between the PHS resistant variety Cayuga and the PHS susceptible variety Caledonia was used for QTL mapping. A total of 16 environments were used to detect 15 different PHS QTL including a major QTL, QPhs.cnl-2B.1, that was significant in all environments tested and explained from 5 to 31% of the trait variation in a given environment. Three other QTL QPhs.cnl-2D.1, QPhs.cnl-3D.1, and QPhs.cnl-6D.1 were detected in six, four, and ten environments, respectively. The potentially related traits of heading date (HD), plant height (HT), seed dormancy (DOR), and rate of germination (ROG) were also recorded in a limited number of environments. HD was found to be significantly negatively correlated with PHS score in most environments, likely due to a major HD QTL, QHd.cnl-2B.1, found to be tightly linked to the PHS QTL QPhs.cnl-2B.1. Using greenhouse grown material no overlap was found between seed dormancy and the four most consistent PHS QTL, suggesting that greenhouse environments are not representative of field environments. This study provides valuable information for marker-assisted breeding for PHS resistance, future haplotyping studies, and research into seed dormancy.



This research was supported by National Research Initiative Competitive Grants 2005-35301-15728 and 2006-55606-16629 from the USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and Hatch project, pp 149–419.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 35 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (PDF 23 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (PDF 41 kb)
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Supplementary material 4 (PDF 35 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesse D. Munkvold
    • 1
    • 2
  • James Tanaka
    • 1
  • David Benscher
    • 1
  • Mark E. Sorrells
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant ResearchIthacaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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