Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 119, Issue 3, pp 471–481 | Cite as

Development of isohomoeoallelic lines within the wheat cv. Courtot for high molecular weight glutenin subunits: transfer of the Glu-D1 locus to chromosome 1A

  • J. Dumur
  • G. Branlard
  • A.-M. Tanguy
  • M. Dardevet
  • O. Coriton
  • V. Huteau
  • J. Lemoine
  • Joseph Jahier
Original Paper

Abstract

Wheat quality depends on protein composition and grain protein content. High molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) play an important role in determining the viscoelastic properties of gluten. In an attempt to improve the bread-making quality of hexaploid wheat by elaborating novel HMW-GS combinations, a fragment of wheat chromosome 1D containing the Glu-D1 locus encoding the Dx2+Dy12 subunits was translocated to the long arm of chromosome 1A using the ph1b mutation. The partially isohomoeoallelic line selected was characterized using cytogenetical and molecular approaches to assess the amount of chromatin introgressed in the translocated 1A chromosome. Triple-target genomic in situ hybridization indicated that the translocated 1A chromosome had a terminal 1D segment representing 25% of the length of the recombinant long arm. The translocation was also identified on the long arm using molecular markers, and its length was estimated with a minimum of 91 cM. Proteome analysis was performed on total endosperm proteins. Out of the 152 major spots detected, 9 spots were up-regulated and 4 spots were down-regulated. Most of these proteins were identified as α-, β-, γ-gliadins assigned to the chromosomes of homoeologous groups 1 and 6. Quantitative variations in the HMW-GS were only observed in subunit Dy12 in response to duplication of the Glu-D1 locus.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Dumur
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Branlard
    • 2
  • A.-M. Tanguy
    • 1
  • M. Dardevet
    • 2
  • O. Coriton
    • 1
  • V. Huteau
    • 1
  • J. Lemoine
    • 1
  • Joseph Jahier
    • 1
  1. 1.INRA, UMR 118 INRA-Agrocampus Rennes-Université de Rennes I, Amélioration des Plantes et Biotechnologies VégétalesRennesFrance
  2. 2.UMR INRA-UBP, Génétique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des CéréalesClermont-Ferrand Cedex 2France

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