Molecular and biochemical characterization of an induced mutation conferring imidazolinone resistance in sunflower

  • Carlos A. Sala
  • Mariano Bulos
  • Mariel Echarte
  • Sherry R. Whitt
  • Robert Ascenzi
Original Paper


A partially dominant nuclear gene conferring resistance to the imidazolinone herbicides was previously identified in the cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) line CLHA-Plus developed by seed mutagenesis. The objective of this study was to characterize this resistant gene at the phenotypic, biochemical and molecular levels. CLHA-Plus showed a complete susceptibility to sulfonylureas (metsulfuron, tribenuron and chlorsulfuron) but, on the other hand, it showed a complete resistance to imidazolinones (imazamox, imazapyr and imazapic) at two rates of herbicide application. This pattern was in close association with the AHAS-inhibition kinetics of protein extracts of CLHA-Plus challenged with different doses of imazamox and chlorsulfuron. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence comparisons between resistant and susceptible lines indicated that the imidazolinone-resistant AHAS of CLHA-Plus has a threonine codon (ACG) at position 122 (relative to the Arabidopsis thaliana AHAS sequence), whereas the herbicide-susceptible enzyme from BTK47 has an alanine residue (GCG) at this position. Since the resistance genes to AHAS-inhibiting herbicides so far characterized in sunflower code for the catalytic (large) subunit of AHAS, we propose to redesignate the wild type allele as ahasl1 and the incomplete dominant resistant alleles as Ahasl1-1 (previously Imr1 or Ar pur ), Ahasl1-2 (previously Ar kan ) and Ahasl1-3 (for the allele present in CLHA-Plus). The higher tolerance level to imidazolinones and the lack of cross-resistance to other AHAS-inhibiting herbicides of Ahasl1-3 indicate that this induced mutation can be used to develop commercial hybrids with superior levels of tolerance and, at the same time, to assist weed management where control of weedy common sunflower is necessary.


Sulfonylurea Chlorsulfuron Imazapyr Metsulfuron Methyl Lower Asymptote 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos A. Sala
    • 1
  • Mariano Bulos
    • 1
  • Mariel Echarte
    • 1
  • Sherry R. Whitt
    • 2
  • Robert Ascenzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Biotechnology DepartmentNIDERA S.A.Venado TuertoArgentina
  2. 2.BASF Plant Science LLCResearch Triangle Park, DurhamUSA

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