Gametophytically alloplasmic CMS line of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with variant orfH79 haplotype corresponds to specific fertility restorer
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For years discovery and identification of the cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) resource in wild rice is the most intriguing events in breeding field. orfH79, a chimeric gene in mitochondria, has been suggested being the determinant for Honglian CMS in rice. In this report orfH79 gene as molecular marker to screen the wild rice, we found eight accessions with orfH79 gene in the total 42 investigated objects. Sequence analysis revealed that there were a total of nine nucleotide substitutions resulting in the change of nine amino acids in the newly identified orfH79 in wild rice, which further fell into seven haplotypes. In order to investigate the underlying relationship between orfH79 haplotypes and the corresponding fertility restorers, four accessions were selected with different orfH79 haplotype as female parents to hybridize the Honglian maintainer line, Yuetai B. After eight consecutive recurrent backcrosses, four alloplasmic CMS lines with different orfH79 haplotype were developed. Microscopic observation exhibited that their pollen grains were spherical and clear in 1% I2–KI solution same as that of Honglian CMS line. Moreover, these four CMS lines displayed various fertility restoring model through test cross, suggesting that each orfH79 haplotye represents a new CMS type and corresponds to their specific Rf allele.