Development of a set of public SSR markers derived from genomic sequence of a rapid cycling Brassica oleracea L. genotype
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- Iniguez-Luy, F.L., Voort, A.V. & Osborn, T.C. Theor Appl Genet (2008) 117: 977. doi:10.1007/s00122-008-0837-9
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The traditional development of simple sequence repeat (SSR) or microsatellite markers by probe hybridization can be time-consuming and requires the use of specialized laboratory equipment. In this study, probe hybridization was circumvented by using sequence information on 3,500 genomic clones mainly from Brassica oleracea to identify di, tri, tetra and penta-nucleotide repeats. A total of 587 primer pairs flanking SSR were developed using this approach. From these, 420 SSR markers amplified DNA in two parental lines of B. rapa (26% were polymorphic) and 523 in two parental lines of B. oleracea (32% were polymorphic). A diverse array of motif types was identified, characterized and compared with traditional SSR detection methods. The most abundant motifs found were di- (38%) and trinucleotides (33%) followed by penta- (16%) and tetranucleotide (13%) motifs. The type of motif class, motif length and repeat were not indicative of polymorphisms. The frequency of B. oleracea SSRs in genomic shotgun sequence was estimated to be 1 every 4 Kb. In general, the average motif length and repeat numbers were shorter than those obtained previously by probe hybridization, and they contained a more balanced representation of SSR motif types in the genome by identifying those that do not hybridize well to DNA probes. Brassica genomic DNA sequence information is a promising resource for developing a large number of SSR molecular markers in Brassica species.