Transgenic indica rice plants harboring a synthetic cry2A* gene of Bacillus thuringiensis exhibit enhanced resistance against lepidopteran rice pests
- 737 Downloads
A novel synthetic cry2A* gene was introduced into the elite indica rice restorer line Minghui 63 by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. A total of 102 independent transformants were obtained. Among them, 71 transformants were positive cry2A* plants according to PCR analysis. Four highly insect-resistant lines with single-copy insertion (designated as 2A-1, 2A-2, 2A-3, and 2A-4) were selected based on field assessment and Southern blot analysis in the T1 generation. All four transgenic lines showed Mendelian segregation by seed germination on 1/2 MS medium containing Basta. Homozygous transgenic plants were selected according to germination ratio (100%) in the T2 generation. Cry2A* protein concentrations were determined in homozygous transgenic lines, their derived hybrids, and their backcross offspring. The Cry2A* protein concentrations of four homozygous transgenic lines ranged from 9.65 to 12.11 μg/g of leaf fresh weight. There was little variation in the hybrids and backcross offspring. Insect bioassays were conducted in both the laboratory and field. All four transgenic lines were significantly resistant to lepidopteran rice pests. These cry2A* transgenic lines can be used to produce insect-resistant hybrids and serve as a resistant source for the development of two-toxin Bt rice.
KeywordsTransgenic Plant Transgenic Line Stem Borer Leaf Fresh Weight Yellow Stem Borer
This research was funded by the National Program on Research and Development of Transgenic Plants and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The authors thank Dr. Sheng Chen in Huazhong Agricultural University (China) and Dr. Yanping Liu at Oregon State University (USA) for many helpful suggestions for revising the manuscript.
- Cohen MB, Gould F, Bentur JS (2000) Bt rice: practical steps to sustainable use. Int Rice Res Notes 25:4–10Google Scholar
- James C (2004) Global status of commercialized biotech/GM Crops: 2004. In international service for the acquisition of agri-biotech applications (ISAAA) Briefs no. 21 ISAAA, IthacaGoogle Scholar
- Maqbool SB, Husnain T, Riazuddin S, Masson L, Christou P (1998) Effective control of yellow stem borer and rice leaf folder in transgenic rice indica varieties Basmati 370 and M 7 using the novel δ-endotoxin cryIIA Bacillus thuringiensis gene. Mol Breed 6:1–7Google Scholar