Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Genetic relationships between resistance to stalk-tunneling by the European corn borer and cell-wall components in maize population B73×B52

Original Paper


The objective of this study was to assess the relationships among quantitative trait loci (QTL) detected for European corn borer (ECB) tunneling and cell-wall components (CWC) neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and acid detergent lignin (ADL) content in leaf-sheath and stalk tissues in a maize recombinant inbred line population derived from inbred lines B73 and B52. Most of the QTL for ECB resistance (10/13) were at QTL positions for one or more CWC. Of the 12 QTL for NDF and ADF in leaf-sheaths, five for each trait were at or near QTL for ECB tunneling. Four of these five QTL for NDF and ADF mapped to common locations. Four of the eight leaf-sheath ADL QTL were detected in the same genomic regions as ECB QTL. For stalk tissue, four regions contained common/overlapping QTL for ECB tunneling, NDF, and ADF. Six such regions were observed for stalk ADL and ECB tunneling. Seven of the ten QTL associated with both CWC and ECB tunneling contributed to the negative correlations observed between these traits, while relatively few QTL effects were positively correlated. This suggests that while CWC contribute to ECB resistance in this population, other mechanisms and other genes also are involved. Several QTL contributing to the negative correlations between ECB tunneling and CWC in the leaf-sheaths mapped to similar positions as QTL detected in tropical maize populations for resistance to leaf-feeding by Diatraea grandiosella Dyar and Diatraea saccharalis Fabricus. These regions may contain genes involved in the synthesis of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in the leaf-blades and leaf-sheaths of maize.


  1. Anonymous (1998a) Method for determining neutral detergent fiber. ANKOM Technology Corporation, Fairport. http://www/
  2. Anonymous (1998b) Method for determining acid detergent fiber. ANKOM Technology Corporation, Fairport.
  3. Anonymous (1998c) Method for determining acid detergent lignin in the DaisyII incubator. ANKOM Technology Corporation, Fairport.
  4. Basten CJ, Weir BS, Zeng ZB (1999) qtl cartographer version 1.13. Program in statistical genetics. Department Statistics. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C.Google Scholar
  5. Baucher M, Monties B, Van Montagu M, Boerjan W (1998) Biosynthesis and genetic engineering of lignin. Crit Rev Plant Sci 17:125–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beeghly HH, Coors JG, Lee M (1997) Plant fiber composition and resistance to european corn borer in four maize populations. Maydica 42:297–303Google Scholar
  7. Bergvinson DJ, Arnason JT, Hamilton RI, Mihm JA, Jewell DC (1994) Determining leaf toughness and its role in maize resistance to European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J Econ Entomol 87:1743–1748Google Scholar
  8. Bernays EA (1986) Diet-induced head allometry among foliage-chewing insects and its importance for graminivores. Science 231:495–497Google Scholar
  9. Bonn M, Khairallah MM, González-de-León D, Hoisington DA, Utz HF, Deutsch JA, Jewell DC, Mihm JA, Melchinger AE (1996) QTL mapping in tropical maize: I. Genomic regions affecting leaf feeding resistance to sugarcane borer and other traits. Crop Sci 36:1352–1361Google Scholar
  10. Bonn M, Khairallah MM, Jiang C, González-de-León D, Hoisington DA, Utz HF, Deutsch JA, Jewell DC, Mihm JA, Melchinger AE (1997) QTL mapping in tropical maize: II. Comparison of genomic regions for resistance to Diatraea spp. Crop Sci 37:1892–1902Google Scholar
  11. Buendgen MR, Coors JG, Grombacher AW, Russell WA (1990) European corn borer resistance and cell wall composition of three maize populations. Crop Sci 30:505–510Google Scholar
  12. Cardinal AJ, Guthrie WD, Bing J, Austin DF, Veldboom LR, Senior ML, Lee M (1998) Poster: QTL and candidate genes for resistance to first generation European corn borer in maize. In: Abstr 40th Annu Maize Genet Conf. Lake Geneva, Wis., p 29Google Scholar
  13. Cardinal AJ, Lee M, Sharopova N, Woodman WL, Long MJ (2001) Genetic mapping and analysis of quantitative trait loci in maize for resistance to stalk tunneling by the European corn borer. Crop Sci 41:835–845Google Scholar
  14. Cardinal AJ, Lee M, Moore KJ (2003) Genetic mapping and analysis of quantitative trait loci affecting fiber and lignin content in maize. Theor Appl Genet 106:866–874PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Coors JG (1987) Resistance to the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), in maize, Zea mays L., as affected by soil silica, plant silica, structural carbohydrates, and lignin. In: Gabelman HW, Loughman BC (eds) Genetics aspects of plant mineral nutrition. Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 445–456Google Scholar
  16. Coors JG (1988) Nutritional factors related to European corn borer resistance in maize. In: Wilkinson D (ed) Proc 42nd Annu Corn Sorhgum Res Conf. American Seed Trade Association, Washington D.C., pp 76–88.Google Scholar
  17. Frey M, Chomet P, Glawischnig E, Stettner C, Grün S, Winklmair A, Eisenreich W, Bacher A, Meeley RB, Briggs SP, Simcox K, Gierl A (1997) Analysis of a chemical plant defense mechanism in grasses. Science 277:696–699CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Graham GI, Wolff DW, Stuber CW (1997) Characterization of a yield quantitative trait locus on chromosome five of maize by fine mapping. Crop Sci 37:1601–1610Google Scholar
  19. Groh S, González-de-León D, Khairallah MM, Jiang C, Bergvinson D, Bohn M, Hoisington DA, Melchinger AE (1998) QTL mapping in tropical maize: genomic regions for resistance to Diatraea spp. and associated traits in two RIL populations. Crop Sci 38:1062–1072Google Scholar
  20. Holland N, Holland D, Helentjaris T, Dhugga K, Xoconostle-Cazares B, Delmer D (2000) A comparative analysis of the plant cellulose synthase (CesA) gene family. Plant Physiol 123:1313–1323PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Jampantong Chaba, McMullen MD, Barry BD, Darrah LL, Byrne PF, Kross H (2002) Quantitative trait loci for first- and second-generation European corn borer resistance from the maize inbred line Mo47. Crop Sci 42:584–593 Google Scholar
  22. Jansen RC (1993) Interval mapping of multiple quantitative trait loci. Genetics 135:205–211PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Jung HG, Buxton DR (1994) Forage quality variation among maize inbreds: relationships of cell-wall composition and in-vitro degradability for stem internodes. J Sci Food Agric 66:313–322Google Scholar
  24. Kharallah MM, Bohn M, Jiang C, Deutsch JA, Jewell DC, Mihm JA, Melchinger AE, González-de-León D, Hoisington DA (1998) Molecular mapping of QTL for southwestern corn borer resistance, plant height and flowering in tropical maize. Plant Breed 117:309–318Google Scholar
  25. Klenke JR, Russell WA, Guthrie WD (1986) Recurrent selection for resistance to European corn borer in a corn synthetic and correlated effects on agronomic traits. Crop Sci 26:864–868Google Scholar
  26. Klun JA, Robinson JF (1969) Concentration of two 1,4-benzoxazinones in dent corn at various stages of development of the plant and its relation to resistance of the host plant to the European corn borer. J Econ Entomol 62:214–220Google Scholar
  27. Krakowsky MD, Brinkman MJ, Woodman-Clikeman WL, Lee M (2002) Genetic components of resistance to stalk tunneling by the European corn borer in maize. Crop Sci 42:1309–1315Google Scholar
  28. Lander ES, Green P, Abrahamson J, Barlow A, Daly MJ, Lincoln ES, Newburg L (1987) mapmaker: an interactive computer package for constructing primary genetic linkage maps of experimental and natural populations. Genomics 1:174–181CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Lee M (1993) Genetic analysis of resistance to European corn borer and northern corn leaf blight in maize. In: Wilkinson D (ed) Proc 48th Annu Corn Sorghum Industry Res Conf. American Seed Trade Association, Washington, D.C., pp 213–223Google Scholar
  30. Marvin HJP, Krechting CF, van Loo EN, Snijders CHA, Dolstra O (1995) Relationship between stalk cell wall digestibility and fibre composition in maize. J Sci Food Agric 22:215–221Google Scholar
  31. Melchinger AE, Utz FH, Schön CC (1998) Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping using different testers and independent population samples in maize reveals low power of QTL detection and large bias in estimates of QTL effects. Genetics 149:383–403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Mode CJ, Robinson HF (1959) Pleiotropism and the genetic variance and covariance. Biometrics 15:518–537Google Scholar
  33. Ostrander BM, Coors JG (1997) Relationship between plant composition and European corn borer resistance in three maize populations. Crop Sci 37:1741–1745Google Scholar
  34. Rawlings JO (1988) Applied regression analysis: a research tool. Wardsworth& Brooks/Cole Advanced Books and Software, Pacific GroveGoogle Scholar
  35. Rojanaridpiched C, Gracen VE, Everett HL, Coors JG, Pugh BF, Bouthyette P (1984) Multiple factor resistance in maize to European corn borer. Maydica 29:305–315Google Scholar
  36. SAS Institute (1990) SAS/STAT user’s guide, version 6, 4th edn. SAS Institute, Cary, N.C. Google Scholar
  37. Shenk JS, Westerhaus MO (1991) Population structuring of near infrared spectra and modified partial least square regression. Crop Sci 31:1548–1555Google Scholar
  38. Utz HF, Melchinger AE (1996) plabqtl: a program for composite interval mapping of QTL. J Quant Trait Loci 2:1. (http://library/ Scholar
  39. Visscher PM, Thompson R, Haley CS (1996) Confidence intervals in QTL mapping by bootstrapping. Genetics 143:1013–1020PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Willcox MC, Khairallah MM, Bergvinson D, Crossa J, Deutsch JA, Edmeades GO, González-de-León D, Jiang C, Jewell DC, Mihn JA, Williams WP, Hoisington D (2002) Selection for resistance to southwestern corn borer using marker-assisted and conventional backcrossing. Crop Sci 42:1516–1528Google Scholar
  41. Wolf DP, Coors JG, Albrecht KA, Undersander DJ, Carter PR (1993) Forage quality of maize genotypes selected for extreme fiber concentrations. Crop Sci 33:1353–1359Google Scholar
  42. Zeng Z (1994) Precision mapping of quantitative trait loci. Genetics 136:1457–1468PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AgronomyIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Crop ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations