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AFLP analysis of genetic relationships among aromatic grapevines (Vitis vinifera)

Abstract

Genotypic diversity has been detected among aromatic grapevines (Vitis vinifera) by molecular markers (AFLPs). The 22 primer-pairs generated a total of 1,331 bands of which 564 (40%) were polymorphic over all the genotypes. The bootstrap analysis pointed out that a large number of polymorphic bands (200–400) has to be used for a better estimation of the genetic distances among genotypes; 383 polymorphic AFLP bands were used for the cluster and the principal coordinate analyses because they did not present missing data across all the genotypes. The cluster analysis (UPGMA), based on polymorphic AFLP markers, revealed no relationship between the Moscato and Malvasia grapevines. The Malvasias, unlike the Moscatos distinguished by their distinct muscat aroma, have to be considered a more complex group because it includes muscat and non-muscat grapevines. The principal coordinate analysis (PCO) confirmed the pattern of the cluster analysis only for those varieties which presented a low coefficient of dissimilarity, while for the other varieties there was no correspondence between the two analyses. The pattern of aggregation among aromatic grapevines in the cluster and principal coordinate analyses does not support any classification that might include an aromatic grapevine group in V. vinifera. Even though some synonyms and homonyms are present among aromatic grapevines (V. vinifera), genetic diversity exists among genotypes in AFLP markers.

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Correspondence to G. Fanizza.

Additional information

Communicated by H.F. Linskens

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Fanizza, G., Chaabane, R., Lamaj, F. et al. AFLP analysis of genetic relationships among aromatic grapevines (Vitis vinifera). Theor Appl Genet 107, 1043–1047 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1354-5

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Keywords

  • Genetic diversity
  • Aromatic grapevines
  • DNA polymorphism
  • Vitis vinifera