The heat-stable root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi-9 from Lycopersicon peruvianum is localized on the short arm of chromosome 6
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The tomato gene Mi-1 confers resistance to three species of root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. However, the resistance mediated by Mi-1 is inactive at soil temperatures above 28 °C. Previously, we identified and mapped a novel heat-stable nematode resistance gene from the wild species Lycopersicon peruvianum accession LA2157 on to chromosome 6. Here we report further characterization of this heat-stable resistance against three Mi-1-avirulent biotypes of Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita. Screening segregating F2 and F3 progenies, derived from an intraspecific cross between susceptible LA392 and resistant LA2157, for nematode resistance at 25 °C and 32 °C, revealed a simple dominant monogenic inheritance with all the biotypes tested. We designate this gene as Mi-9. As a first step towards cloning of Mi-9, we constructed a linkage map around this gene. A total of 216 F2 progeny from the cross between LA392 and LA2157 were screened with M. javanica at 32 °C and with CT119 and Aps-1, markers that flank the genetic interval that contains the Mi-1 gene. DNA marker analysis indicated that these markers also flank Mi-9. Further mapping of recombinants with both RFLP and PCR-based markers localized Mi-9 to the short arm of chromosome 6 and within the same genetic interval that spans the Mi-1 region.
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