A genetic linkage map of willow (Salix viminalis) based on AFLP and microsatellite markers
The genus Salix (willow) contains a number of species of great value as biomass crops. Efforts to breed varieties with improved biomass yields and resistances to pests and diseases are limited by the lack of knowledge on the genetic basis of the traits. We have used AFLP and microsatellite markers to construct a genetic map of willow from a full-sib cross of the diploid species Salix viminalis (2n = 38). In accordance with a double pseudo-testcross approach, separate parental maps were constructed and merged to produce a consensus map comprising 291 AFLP and 39 willow microsatellite markers. Nineteen poplar microsatellites were also tested in willow. Five of these amplified loci, of which two were mapped. Linkage groups of the consensus map that could be identified in the parental maps are presented here and spanned 1,256.5 cM with an average interval between markers of 4.4 cM.
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