High-resolution genetic map of Nb, a gene that confers hypersensitive resistance to potato virus X in Solanum tuberosum
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Nb is a single dominant gene in potato that confers hypersensitive resistance to potato virus X (PVX) isolates from strain groups 1 and 2. Genetic and molecular analyses showed that Nb is located on the upper arm of chromosome V and forms part of a cluster of resistance genes encoding specificities to many different pathogens. We describe the genetical localisation of molecular markers tightly linked to the Nb locus and the development PCR-based markers suitable for isolation of the Nb resistance gene by positional cloning. A bulked segregant approach was applied to identify polymorphic AFLP markers tightly linked to the Nb locus. These markers were mapped in a population of segregating S1 progeny (1,300 plants) from a self-pollinated potato cultivar, Pentland Ivory. From this analysis, Nb was placed in an interval of 0.76 cM, flanked by the AFLP markers GM339 and GM637. Recombinant PVX strains carrying different combinations of avirulence genes were used in biological assays to show that Nb was also present in potato cv. Cara but was masked by the extreme PVX resistance conferred by the Rx gene. PCR-based screening of a Cara genomic BAC library with markers closest to the Nb locus identified a new marker tightly linked to Nb.
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