A genetic linkage map of European chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) based on RAPD, ISSR and isozyme markers
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A genetic linkage map of European chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) based on RAPD, ISSR and isozyme markers was constructed using the two-way pseudo-testcross strategy. A total of 96 individuals from a F1 full-sib family was genotyped with 381 molecular markers (311 RAPDs, 65 ISSRs, 5 isozymes). Markers in testcross configuration, segregating 1:1, were used to establish two separate maternal and paternal maps including 187 and 148 markers, respectively. The markers identified 12 linkage groups based on the haploid number of chestnut. The female and male framework maps reached a total length of 720 and 721 cM (Kosambi), respectively, representing a 76% and 68% coverage of the overall genome. A total of 46 markers, found in intercross configuration, segregating 3:1 and 1:2:1, were used to identify homologous linkage groups between parental maps; out of 12 linkage groups 11 could be joined. RAPD and ISSR markers showed a good and comparable reliability, allowing for the first time the establishment of a saturated linkage map for European chestnut. These maps will be a starting point for studies on the structure, evolution and function of the chestnut genome. Identification of QTLs for adaptive traits in chestnut will be the primary target.
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