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Der Radiologe

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 608–613 | Cite as

Hirnnerven – Spektrum entzündlicher und tumoröser Veränderungen

  • S.F. NemecEmail author
  • G. Kasprian
  • U. Nemec
  • C. Czerny
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Entzündliche Prozesse sowie primäre und sekundäre tumoröse Veränderungen können Hirnnerven mitbeteiligen und so zu neurologischen Defiziten führen. Neben dem Neurologen, HNO-Arzt, Augenarzt und Kiefer-Gesichts-Chirurgen kommt dem Radiologen eine besondere Bedeutung bei der Abklärung von Patienten mit Hirnnervensymptomatik zu. Die Multidetektorcomputertomographie (MDCT) und insbesondere die Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) ermöglichen die Darstellung der Hirnnervenanatomie sowie der nervalen pathologischen Veränderungen. Der vorliegende Artikel beschreibt kurz gefasst die bildgebenden Techniken von MDCT und MRT und widmet sich der radiologischen Bildgebung entzündlicher und tumoröser Hirnnervenveränderungen.

Schlüsselwörter

Hirnnerven Entzündung Tumoren Multidetektorcomputertomographie (MDCT) MRT 

Cranial nerves – spectrum of inflammatory and tumorous changes

Abstract

Inflammatory processes as well as primary and secondary tumorous changes may involve cranial nerves causing neurological deficits. In addition to neurologists, ENT physicians, ophthalmologists and maxillofacial surgeons, radiologists play an important role in the investigation of patients with cranial nerve symptoms. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allow the depiction of the cranial nerve anatomy and pathological neural changes. This article briefly describes the imaging techniques in MDCT and MRI and is dedicated to the radiological presentation of inflammatory and tumorous cranial nerve pathologies.

Keywords

Cranial nerves Inflammation Tumors Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) MRI 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinische Abteilung für Neuroradiologie und muskuloskelettale RadiologieUniversitätsklinik für Radiodiagnostik, Medizinische Universität WienWienÖsterreich

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