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Der Radiologe

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 934–947 | Cite as

Vaskuläre Erkrankungen bei Neugeborenen, Säuglingen und Kindern

  • W. ReithEmail author
  • M. G. Shamdeen
Pädiatrische Neuroradiologie

Zusammenfassung

Vaskuläre Malformationen sind die häufigste Ursache einer intrakraniellen Blutung im Säuglings- und Kindesalter. Deswegen sollte jedes Kind mit einer intrakraniellen Blutung auf eine vaskuläre Malformation und Kindesmisshandlung untersucht werden. Intrazerebrale Gefäßmalformationen beinhalten Vena-Galeni-Anomalien, arteriovenöse Malformationen (AVM), Kavernome, durale arteriovenöse Fisteln, kapilläre Teleangiektasien und venöse Anlagevarianten (DVA). Obwohl einige familiäre Gefäßmalformationen beschrieben sind, tritt die überwiegende Mehrzahl spontan auf. Die Klinik, Diagnostik und therapeutischen Optionen werden diskutiert.

Schlüsselwörter

AV-Malformation Vena-Galeni-Anomalie Durale arteriovenöse Fistel Kavernom Kapilläre Teleangiektasien Venöse Anlagevarianten 

Abstract

Vascular malformations are the cause of nearly all non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage in children beyond the neonatal stage. Therefore, any child presenting with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage should be evaluated for child abuse and for vascular malformations. Intracerebral malformations of the cerebral vasculature include vein of Galen malformations, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), cavernomas, dural arteriovenous fistulas, venous anomalies (DVA), and capillary teleangiectasies. Although a few familial vascular malformation have been reported, the majority are sporadic. Clinical symptoms, diagnostic and therapeutic options are discussed.

Keywords

AVM Vein of Galen malformation Dural arteriovenous fistula Cavernoma Capillary teleangiectasiasies DVA 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für NeuroradiologieRadiologische Universitätsklinik Homburg/Saar
  2. 2.KinderklinikUniversitätsklinikum Homburg/Saar
  3. 3.Abteilung für NeuroradiologieRadiologische UniversitätsklinikHomburg/Saar

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