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Der Nervenarzt

, Volume 90, Issue 11, pp 1103–1108 | Cite as

Armut, Migration und psychische Gesundheit

  • Ulrike KlugeEmail author
  • Michael A. Rapp
  • Nassim Mehran
  • Jinan Jumaa
  • Marion Christina Aichberger
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Armut und soziale Ausgrenzung stehen in engem Zusammenhang mit psychischer Belastung und einem erhöhten Erkrankungsrisiko. Im Jahr 2018 waren rund 19 % der deutschen Bevölkerung von Armut und damit verbundener sozialer Ausgrenzung bedroht. Insbesondere Migrantengruppen zeigen häufig eine besondere Mehrfachbelastung durch sozioökonomische Belastungsfaktoren. Es konnte vielfach gezeigt werden, dass sich u. a. gesellschaftlicher Ausschluss, unsichere Lebensbedingungen und das Wohnumfeld auf psychische Belastungen auswirken, die nicht ausschließlich durch Prämigrationsfaktoren zu erklären sind. Im folgenden Beitrag werden Zusammenhänge zwischen psychischer Gesundheit und Armut sowie damit verbundenen Konstrukten, wie sozialer Kohäsion, sozialem Kapital und sozialer Ausgrenzung, in der Gesamtgesellschaft sowie in besonderen Risikogruppen, wie Geflüchtetenpopulationen, diskutiert.

Schlüsselwörter

Soziales Kapital Soziale Kohäsion Migration Ausgrenzung Wohnumfeld 

Poverty, migration and mental health

Abstract

Poverty and social exclusion are closely related to an increased risk for the deterioration of mental health. In 2018 approximately 19% of the German population were threatened by poverty and the associated social ostracization. Migrant groups in particular often show an increased risk for poverty and are often exposed to multiple socioeconomic stress factors depending on the context of migration, pre-migration and post-migration social factors. Numerous studies have shown that societal exclusion, precarious living conditions and the residential environment negatively affect mental health beyond the effects of pre-migration risk factors. This article provides a review and discussion on the relationship between mental health, poverty and related constructs, such as social cohesion, social capital and social exclusion in general as well as in specific risk groups, such as migrant and refugee populations.

Keywords

Social capital Social cohesion Migration Exclusion Residential environment 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

U. Kluge, M.A. Rapp, N. Mehran, J. Jumaa und M.C. Aichberger geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Für diesen Beitrag wurden von den Autoren keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren durchgeführt. Für die aufgeführten Studien gelten die jeweils dort angegebenen ethischen Richtlinien.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrike Kluge
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Michael A. Rapp
    • 3
  • Nassim Mehran
    • 4
  • Jinan Jumaa
    • 4
  • Marion Christina Aichberger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Klinik für Psychiatrie und PsychotherapieCharité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus MitteBerlinDeutschland
  2. 2.Berliner Institut für empirische Integrations- und Migrationsforschung (BIM)Humboldt Universität zu BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  3. 3.Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Strukturbereich Kognitionswissenschaften, Department Sport- und GesundheitswissenschaftenUniversität PotsdamPotsdamDeutschland
  4. 4.Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Charité Campus MitteCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinDeutschland

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