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Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 87, Issue 8, pp 377–380 | Cite as

2,3-Dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine, a trail pheromone component of Eutetramorium mocquerysi Emery (1899) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

  • J. Tentschert
  • H.-J. Bestmann
  • B. Hölldobler
  • J. Heinze
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Abstract

 The ant Eutetramorium mocquerysi (Myrmicinae) is endemic to the island of Madagascar. During foraging and nest emigration the ants lay recruitment trails with secretions from the poison gland. We identified three pyrazine compounds in the poison gland secretion: 2,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine 1, 2,3-dimethyl-5-(3-methylbutyl)pyrazine 3, 2,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylbutyl)pyrazine 4. Only the first component elicited trail-following behavior in the ants. We were unable to investigate whether the other pyrazine components have a synergistic function.

Keywords

Pyrazine Gland Secretion Pheromone Component Trail Pheromone Poison Gland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Tentschert
    • 1
  • H.-J. Bestmann
    • 1
  • B. Hölldobler
    • 2
  • J. Heinze
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Organische Chemie der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91054 Erlangen, GermanyDE
  2. 2.Theodor-Boveri-Institut, Lehrstuhl für Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie der Universität, 97074 Würzburg, GermanyDE
  3. 3.Institut für Zoologie I der Universität Erlangen, 91058 Erlangen, GermanyDE

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