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Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 86, Issue 11, pp 525–529 | Cite as

Eolian Dust Affects Phytoplankton in the Waters off Kuwait, the Arabian Gulf

  • D. V. Subba Rao
  • F. Al-Yamani
  • C. V. Nageswara Rao
Short communication

Abstract

 Summer phytoplankton assemblages from surface waters off Kuwait were enriched with levels of eolian dust (105, 106, and 107 mg/m3), similar to seasonal dust fallout for this region. Algal growth was positive and dose dependent. Highest biomass was up to 527 μg chlorophyll a/l on day 5. The maximum doublings of biomass per day were 0.64, 0.77, and 1.42, corresponding to 105, 106, and 107 mg/m3 enrichment and were significantly higher than the 0.56 for control. Changes in the phytoplankton species composition occurred with changes in biomass, with small algae dominating peak populations. It is suggested that through enrichment of trace elements via eolian dust, a high level of phytoplankton biomass and growth can be sustained in this arid environment.

Keywords

Biomass Dust Chlorophyll Phytoplankton Phytoplankton Biomass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. V. Subba Rao
    • 1
  • F. Al-Yamani
    • 1
  • C. V. Nageswara Rao
    • 2
  1. 1.Mariculture and Fisheries Department, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 1638, Salmiya, 22017 Kuwait e-mail sdurva@kisr.edu.kw, Fax: +965-571-1293KW
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Safat, 13060 KuwaitKW

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