The Science of Nature

, 105:11 | Cite as

The neurobiology of climate change

Concepts & Synthesis


Directional climate change (global warming) is causing rapid alterations in animals’ environments. Because the nervous system is at the forefront of animals’ interactions with the environment, the neurobiological implications of climate change are central to understanding how individuals, and ultimately populations, will respond to global warming. Evidence is accumulating for individual level, mechanistic effects of climate change on nervous system development and performance. Climate change can also alter sensory stimuli, changing the effectiveness of sensory and cognitive systems for achieving biological fitness. At the population level, natural selection forces stemming from directional climate change may drive rapid evolutionary change in nervous system structure and function.


Brain development Brain evolution Marine acidification Migration Neuroecology Phenology Sensory stimuli TRP receptors 



I thank five anonymous reviewers for making thoughtful and valuable comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biodiversity Earth and Environmental ScienceDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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