The Science of Nature

, 103:19

The first Mesozoic microwhip scorpion (Palpigradi): a new genus and species in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-016-1345-4

Cite this article as:
Engel, M.S., Breitkreuz, L.C.V., Cai, C. et al. Sci Nat (2016) 103: 19. doi:10.1007/s00114-016-1345-4


A fossil palpigrade is described and figured from mid-Cretaceous (Cenomanian) amber from northern Myanmar. Electrokoenenia yaksha Engel and Huang, gen. n. et sp. n., is the first Mesozoic fossil of its order and the only one known as an inclusion in amber, the only other fossil being a series of individuals encased in Pliocene onyx marble and 94–97 million years younger than E. yaksha. The genus is distinguished from other members of the order but is remarkably consistent in observable morphological details when compared to extant relatives, likely reflecting a consistent microhabitat and biological preferences over the last 100 million years.


Burmese amber Cenomanian Chelicerata Mesozoic Palpigradi Taxonomy 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
Directorate for Biological Sciences
  • 1144162

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Engel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Laura C. V. Breitkreuz
    • 1
  • Chenyang Cai
    • 3
  • Mabel Alvarado
    • 1
  • Dany Azar
    • 4
  • Diying Huang
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Entomology, Natural History Museum, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Division of Invertebrate ZoologyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Faculty of Sciences II, Department of BiologyLebanese UniversityFanar MatnLebanon

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