The Science of Nature

, 103:8 | Cite as

Novel biodiversity baselines outpace models of fish distribution in Arctic waters

  • Jørgen S. Christiansen
  • Erik Bonsdorff
  • Ingvar Byrkjedal
  • Svein-Erik Fevolden
  • Oleg V. Karamushko
  • Arve Lynghammar
  • Catherine W. Mecklenburg
  • Peter D. R. Møller
  • Julius Nielsen
  • Marie C. Nordström
  • Kim Præbel
  • Rupert M. Wienerroither
Short Communication

Abstract

During a recent marine biological expedition to the Northeast Greenland shelf break (latitudes 74–77 °N), we made the first discovery of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), beaked redfish (Sebastes mentella) and capelin (Mallotus villosus). Our novel observations shift the distribution range of Atlantic cod >1000 km further north in East Greenland waters. In light of climate change, we discuss physical forcing and putative connections between the faunas of the Northeast Greenland shelf and the Barents Sea. We emphasise the importance of using real data in spread scenarios for understudied Arctic seas.

Keywords

Atlantic cod Barents Sea Climate change Northeast Greenland shelf Range extension of fishes 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen S. Christiansen
    • 1
  • Erik Bonsdorff
    • 2
  • Ingvar Byrkjedal
    • 3
  • Svein-Erik Fevolden
    • 1
  • Oleg V. Karamushko
    • 4
  • Arve Lynghammar
    • 1
  • Catherine W. Mecklenburg
    • 5
    • 6
  • Peter D. R. Møller
    • 7
  • Julius Nielsen
    • 1
    • 8
  • Marie C. Nordström
    • 2
  • Kim Præbel
    • 1
  • Rupert M. Wienerroither
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and EconomicsUiT The Arctic University of NorwayTromsøNorway
  2. 2.Environmental and Marine Biology, Faculty of Science and EngineeringÅbo Akademi UniversityÅboFinland
  3. 3.University Museum of BergenUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Laboratory of Ichthyology, Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Kola Science CentreRussian Academy of SciencesMurmanskRussia
  5. 5.Department of IchthyologyCalifornia Academy of SciencesSan FranciscoUSA
  6. 6.Point Stephens ResearchAuke BayUSA
  7. 7.Natural History Museum of DenmarkUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  8. 8.Marine Biological SectionUniversity of CopenhagenHelsingørDenmark
  9. 9.Institute of Marine Research (IMR)BergenNorway

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