Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 99, Issue 7, pp 587–590 | Cite as

Exceptionally well-preserved giant spermatozoa in male and female specimens of an ostracod Cypria ophtalmica (Crustacea: Ostracoda) from Late Glacial lacustrine sediments of Southern Carpathians, Romania

  • Sanda Iepure
  • Tadeusz Namiotko
  • Antonio G. Valdecasas
  • Enikö K. Magyari
Short Communication

Abstract

Exceptionally well-preserved giant spermatozoa observed between abundant decalcified carapace valves of ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda) were found in Late Glacial to Holocene (14,400 to 10,000 cal years bp) lacustrine sediments in the southern Romanian Carpathians. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscopy revealed good preservation of the appendages enabling specific identification as Cypria ophtalmica (Candonidae) and indication of the presence of both female and male specimens based on the sexual dimorphism of the second antenna. This record represents the oldest and richest direct evidence of virtually morphologically unaltered animal spermatozoa preserved in females after mating.

Keywords

Giant spermatozoa in females Exceptional preservation Ostracoda Romanian Carpathians Late Glacial Holocene 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanda Iepure
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tadeusz Namiotko
    • 3
  • Antonio G. Valdecasas
    • 4
  • Enikö K. Magyari
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of GeologyBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Institute of Speleology “Emil Racoviţă”Romanian AcademyCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Laboratory of Limnozoology, Department of GeneticsUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland
  4. 4.Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary BiologyNational Museum of Natural History, CSICMadridSpain
  5. 5.Research Group for PaleontologyHungarian Academy of Sciences–Hungarian Natural History MuseumBudapestHungary

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