, 98:389

Associated skeletons of a new middle Triassic “Rauisuchia” from Brazil

  • Marco Aurélio G. França
  • Jorge Ferigolo
  • Max C. Langer
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-011-0782-3

Cite this article as:
França, M.A.G., Ferigolo, J. & Langer, M.C. Naturwissenschaften (2011) 98: 389. doi:10.1007/s00114-011-0782-3


For more than 30 million years, in early Mesozoic Pangea, “rauisuchian” archosaurs were the apex predators in most terrestrial ecosystems, but their biology and evolutionary history remain poorly understood. We describe a new “rauisuchian” based on ten individuals found in a single locality from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) Santa Maria Formation of southern Brazil. Nine articulated and associated skeletons were discovered, three of which have nearly complete skulls. Along with sedimentological and taphonomic data, this suggests that those highly successful predators exhibited some kind of intraspecific interaction. Other monotaxic assemblages of Triassic archosaurs are Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian) in age, approximately 10 million years younger than the material described here. Indeed, the studied assemblage may represent the earliest evidence of gregariousness among archosaurs, adding to our knowledge on the origin of a behavior pattern typical of extant taxa.


Santa Maria Formation Archosauria Rauisuchia Behavior Middle Triassic 

Supplementary material

114_2011_782_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.9 mb)
ESM 1(PDF 2,948 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Aurélio G. França
    • 1
  • Jorge Ferigolo
    • 2
  • Max C. Langer
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Paleontologia de Ribeirão Preto, FFCLRPUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Museu de Ciências Naturais, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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