, Volume 97, Issue 11, pp 1023–1027

Speed of call delivery is related to context and caller identity in Campbell’s monkey males

  • Alban Lemasson
  • Karim Ouattara
  • Hélène Bouchet
  • Klaus Zuberbühler
Short Communication


Call rate can be a salient feature in animal communication. Depending on the species, different psychological variables appear to influence call rates but the exact nature of these relationships remains poorly explored. Here, we demonstrate for free-ranging Campbell’s monkeys that the call rates of four different alarm series (termed H, K, K+, and B series) vary systematically as a function of context, associated behaviour, and identity of the caller. K+ series were given more rapidly to predation than non-predation events, K+ and K series more rapidly to visual than auditory predator detection, and H series more rapidly while counterattacking an eagle than staying put. Finally, there were individual differences in B series, suggesting that call rate potentially provides listeners with cues about the caller’s anti-predator behaviour, event type experienced, and his identity.


Prosody Tempo Semantic Loud call Cercopithecus Predation 

Supplementary material

114_2010_715_MOESM1_ESM.doc (29 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 29 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alban Lemasson
    • 1
  • Karim Ouattara
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Hélène Bouchet
    • 1
  • Klaus Zuberbühler
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Ethologie Animale et Humaine, U.M.R.6552-C.N.R.SPaimpontFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Zoologie et Biologie AnimaleUniversité de CocodyAbidjan 10Côte d’Ivoire
  3. 3.School of PsychologyUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK
  4. 4.Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques, Taï Monkey ProjectAbidjan 01Côte d’Ivoire

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