, Volume 92, Issue 8, pp 394–397 | Cite as

Evidence of nuclear reactions in the Pd lattice

  • Stanislaw Szpak
  • Pamela A Mosier-BossEmail author
  • Charles Young
  • Frank E Gordon
Short Communication


An operating Pd//D2O, Li+, Cl//Pt cell, placed in an external electrostatic field, yielded unexpected results, viz. (i) Morphological changes in the form of discrete sites exhibiting molten-like features, i.e. features that require substantial energy expenditure. (ii) Presence of elements (Al, Mg, Ca, Si, Zn, ...) that could not be extracted from cell components and deposited on discrete sites. The cell design and the experimental protocol assuring reproducibility is described in detail.


Nuclear Reaction External Electric Field Surface Force Localize Heat Source Discrete Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanislaw Szpak
    • 1
  • Pamela A Mosier-Boss
    • 1
    Email author
  • Charles Young
    • 1
  • Frank E Gordon
    • 1
  1. 1.SPAWAR Systems Center San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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