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Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde

, Volume 157, Issue 3, pp 254–259 | Cite as

Rauchen in Film und Fernsehen

Einfluss auf das Rauchverhalten Jugendlicher
  • R. HanewinkelEmail author
Originalien

Zusammenfassung

Nach der sozial-kognitiven Lerntheorie imitieren Jugendliche im Rahmen ihrer Identitätsentwicklung das Verhalten von Rollenmodellen insbesondere dann, wenn sie sich mit diesen identifizieren und sie bewundern und das Modell belohnt wird. Filme im Fernsehen und Kino sind bedeutsame Quellen des sozialen Lernens. Verschiedene epidemiologische Untersuchungen weisen darauf hin, dass das Ausmaß des Fernsehkonsums in der Kindheit und Jugend mit einer Reihe von Risikoverhaltensweisen, so auch mit dem Konsum von Tabak positiv korreliert ist. Die Ergebnisse von Querschnitt- und Kohortenuntersuchungen deuten darauf hin, dass in Filmen rauchende Rollenmodelle Kinder und Jugendliche dazu veranlassen können, mit dem Rauchen zu beginnen. In Anbetracht der bekannten möglichen negativen Gesundheitsfolgen des Rauchens sollten Eltern angehalten werden, die Mediennutzung ihrer Kinder durch klare Regeln zu gestalten. Politische Maßnahmen zur Verringerung der Verbreitung des Rauchens in Fernseh- und Kinofilmen sind wissenschaftlich begründbar und erforderlich.

Schlüsselwörter

Rauchen Medien Rollenmodelle Jugendliche Medienerziehung 

Smoking in movies and television

Effects on smoking in youth

Abstract

Social learning theory postulates that adolescents tend to imitate the behaviours of role models they identify with and admire, particularly if the behaviour is reinforced. Television and movies contribute to social learning in young people by presenting different role models. Epidemiological studies have found a positive correlation between the extent of television and movie viewing in childhood and adolescence and a number of risk behaviours, including tobacco consumption. Cross-sectional and cohort studies indicate that role models who smoke in films might induce adolescents to start smoking. Considering the harmful effects that smoking has on health, parents should set clear rules about the use of media. Political measures to reduce smoking in television and cinema movies are scientifically substantiated and necessary.

Keywords

Smoking Media Role models Adolescents Media education 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Therapie- und Gesundheitsforschung, IFT-NordKielDeutschland

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