Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde

, Volume 153, Issue 10, pp 914–920 | Cite as

Diabetes mellitus Typ 2

Epidemiologie im Kindes- und Jugendalter
Leitthema: Diabetes mellitus Typ 2

Zusammenfassung

Der Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 bei Kindern und Jugendlichen wurde in den letzten Jahrzehnten als ein globales Gesundheitsproblem mit zunehmender Prävalenz erkannt. Das Risiko ist klar mit der Zunahme des Körpergewichts in der kindlichen und jugendlichen Bevölkerung assoziiert und damit mit Lebensstilaspekten wie Überernährung und Bewegungsarmut. In Regionen mit ethnischen Risikopopulationen in den USA sind bereits etwa 30% der Diabetesmanifestationen im Jugendalter (Alter >10 Jahre) dem Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 zuzuordnen. In Europa gibt es nur begrenzte Information über seine Prävalenz. Seine anhand der vorhandenen Daten ermittelte Häufigkeit im Kindes- und Jugendalter ist derzeit noch sehr gering. Wegen der fehlenden Daten kann keine Aussage über einen möglichen Trend in der Prävalenz in Europa gemacht werden, während in Amerika und Teilen Asiens eine klare Zunahme dokumentiert ist.

Schlüsselwörter

Diabetes mellitus Typ 2  Epidemiologie Kinder Jugendliche Risikofaktoren 

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Epidemiology in children and adolescents

Abstract

In recent decades, type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents has been recognized as a global health problem whose prevalence is increasing. The risk is clearly associated with the increase in body weight in the young population and therefore with lifestyle aspects such as overeating and too little physical activity. In regions with ethnic at-risk populations in the United States of America more than 30% of newly diagnosed cases of diabetes in young people (>10 years) are already accounted for by type 2 diabetes. Little information is available in Europe on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in young people; according to what data are available its prevalence in this age group is very low. The scarcity of data means that no forecasts can be made concerning the time trend in Europe, while there is a clearly documented increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in young people in USA and parts of Asia.

Keywords

Type 2 diabetes mellitus Epidemiology Children Adolescents Risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung Allgemeine PädiatrieUniversitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, Medizinische Universität WienÖsterreich
  2. 2.Abteilung Allgemeine PädiatrieUniversitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde, Medizinische UniversitätWienÖsterreich

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