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Journal of Molecular Medicine

, Volume 88, Issue 12, pp 1203–1211 | Cite as

ADAMTS proteases: key roles in atherosclerosis?

  • Rebecca C. Salter
  • Tim G. Ashlin
  • Alvin P. L. Kwan
  • Dipak P. RamjiEmail author
Reviews

Abstract

The ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) proteases are secreted enzymes that regulate extracellular matrix turnover by degrading specific matrix components. Roles for the proteases in inflammation and atherosclerosis have been suggested by a number of recent studies, and the role of ADAMTS-4 and -5 in the breakdown of aggrecan and subsequent degradation of cartilage during osteoarthritis has also been established. The ability of the ADAMTS proteases to degrade versican, the primary proteoglycan in the vasculature, is thought to be central to any hypothesized role for the proteases in atherosclerosis. In this review, we introduce the structure and function of the ADAMTS family of proteases and review the literature that links them with inflammation and atherosclerosis.

Keywords

ADAMTS Atherosclerosis Inflammation Versican Extracellular matrix 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Rebecca C. Salter and Tim G. Ashlin were recipients of BBSRC studentships.

Disclosure of potential conflict of interests

The authors declare no conflict of interests related to this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca C. Salter
    • 1
  • Tim G. Ashlin
    • 1
  • Alvin P. L. Kwan
    • 1
  • Dipak P. Ramji
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of BiosciencesCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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