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Journal of Molecular Medicine

, Volume 88, Issue 8, pp 753–761 | Cite as

Axo-glial antigens as targets in multiple sclerosis: implications for axonal and grey matter injury

  • Tobias Derfuss
  • Chris Linington
  • Reinhard Hohlfeld
  • Edgar Meinl
Review

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is thought to be an autoimmune-mediated disease of the central nervous system. For many years, T-cells were regarded as the key players in the pathogenesis, and myelin of white matter was considered as the main victim. However, research during recent years showed a more complex picture. Besides T-cells, also B-cells, antibodies and the innate immunity contribute to the tissue damage. Modern imaging techniques and neuropathological examinations showed that not only myelin but also axons, cortical neurons and nodes of Ranvier are damaged. The autoimmune targets of this widespread injury are so far not known. The identification of the axo-glial proteins contactin-2 and neurofascin provides excellent examples how antibodies can induce axonal injury at the node of Ranvier and how T-cells can destruct cortical integrity. This review will discuss the pathogenic implications of an autoimmune response against these newly discovered antigens.

Keywords

Multiple sclerosis Neurofascin Contactin-2 Grey matter injury Cortical lesions Node of Ranvier 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Work of the authors is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 571), Verein zur Therapieforschung für Multiple Sklerose-Kranke, BMBF (krankheitsbezogenes Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose, Förderkennzeichen 01GI0905), Excellency Initiative of the Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tobias Derfuss
    • 1
  • Chris Linington
    • 2
  • Reinhard Hohlfeld
    • 3
    • 4
  • Edgar Meinl
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyFriedrich-Alexander-UniversityErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Division of Clinical NeuroscienceUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Department of NeuroimmunologyMax-Planck-Institute of NeurobiologyMartinsriedGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Clinical NeuroimmunologyLudwig-Maximilian-UniversityMunichGermany

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