Quantitative real-time RT-PCR data analysis: current concepts and the novel “gene expression’s CT difference” formula
For quantification of gene-specific mRNA, quantitative real-time RT-PCR has become one of the most frequently used methods over the last few years. This article focuses on the issue of real-time PCR data analysis and its mathematical background, offering a general concept for efficient, fast and precise data analysis superior to the commonly used comparative CT (ΔΔCT) and the standard curve method, as it considers individual amplification efficiencies for every PCR. This concept is based on a novel formula for the calculation of relative gene expression ratios, termed GED (Gene Expression’s CT Difference) formula. Prerequisites for this formula, such as real-time PCR kinetics, the concept of PCR efficiency and its determination, are discussed. Additionally, this article offers some technical considerations and information on statistical analysis of real-time PCR data.
KeywordsQuantification Expression ratio PCR efficiency TaqMan SYBR Green
The authors would like to thank Dave Hancock and Justin Cross for critically reading the manuscript.
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